The Late Antiquity, Late Roman and Early Byzantine fortress known as Kaleto is located near the central Bulgarian town of Banya, Panagyurishte Municipality, Plovdiv District. The archaeological excavations of the Kaleto Fortress near Banya (“kale” is a Turkish word meaning “fortress” left over from the Ottoman period commonly used for the numerous ruins of ancient and medieval fortresses all over Bulgaria, whose proper names are sometimes unknown) were held for the first time in April-May 2015. Historians and archaeologists think that the fortress Kaleto near Banya was originally an Ancient Thracian settlement. The first stone masonry on the site and the construction of the fortress wall date to the 4th century AD, and there are indications that it was destroyed during the barbarian invasion of the Huns in the 5th century AD. After that, the fortress near Banya was rebuilt, but in the 12th century AD it fell prey to an invasion once again – this time it was destroyed by the crusader knights from the Third Crusade (1189-1192 AD). The Kaleto fortress near Banya was important in ancient and medieval times because of its strategic location between the Valley of Zlatitsa and Pirdop, and the Upper Thracian Plain (in today’s Southern Bulgaria). Different archaeological artifacts such as tools, arrows, and spears have been found by locals on the site of the Kaleto Fortress. Its first excavations were led by Assoc. Prof. Valeri Grigorov from the National Institute and Museum of Archaeology of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, together with Lyubka Todorova, archaeologist from the Pazardzhik Regional Museum of History, Georgi Abdulov, former Director of the Panagyurishte Museum of History, and Vasil Katsarev, curator at the Panagyurishte Museum of History.
- German Archaeologists Find 9.7-Million-Year-Old Hominin Teeth in ‘Mystery’ that ‘Could Rewrite History’
- Game of Thrones Is Terrific but Why Are Humans So Enchanted with Feudalism?
- Middle Ages vs. Antiquity: ‘Discrepancies’ in the Game of Thrones / Song of Ice and Fire Universe
- Maritime Archaeologists Find Bronze Age Settlement under Black Sea’s Seabed off Bulgaria’s Coast
- Terrorism as It Once Was: The Miss Stone Affair, America, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire
Top Posts & Pages
Follow Us on TwitterMy Tweets
Follow Us on Google+
Subscribe to Blog via Email
Ancient Greece Ancient Rome Ancient Thrace Ancient Thracians archaeologist barbarian invasion basilica Black Sea Black Sea coast Byzantine Empire Byzantium ceramic vessels Christianity coins cultural tourism early Christians EU funding excavations First Bulgarian Empire fortress fortress wall Late Antiquity Middle Ages Ministry of Culture National Institute and Museum of Archaeology National Museum of History necropolis Ottoman Empire Ottoman Turks Ottoman yoke Plovdiv rescue excavations restoration Rhodope Mountains Roman Empire Second Bulgarian Empire Sofia Tarnovgrad Thracians tourists treasure hunters treasure hunting Varna Veliko Tarnovo Veliko Tarnovo Regional Museum of History(all tags)
Ancient Greece Ancient Rome / Roman Empire Ancient Thrace Antiquity Archaeologists Bulgarian Empire Byzantine Empire Christianity Cultural Tourism Institutes & Museums Interviews Middle Ages Modern Era Other History Ottoman Empire Paleontology Prehistory Trafficking & Law Uncategorized Underwater Archaeology