Bulgarian Archaeologists Discover Aqueduct, Siege Water Storage Tanks of Ancient Odessos Fortress
Archaeologists in the Bulgarian Black Sea city of Varna have discovered an aqueduct, several pithoi (large earthen jars) which served as water storage tanks, and a new fortress wall section of the Ancient Thracian, Greek, and Roman city of Odessos (Odessus).
The ancient aqueduct and water storage tanks appear to have been part of a facility that pumped drinking water into Odessos (known in Roman times as Odessus) and could also store some of it, explains Prof. Valentin Pletnyov, Director of the Varna Museum of Archaeology, as cited by local news cited Moreto.net.
The discovery of the Odessos aqueduct and the pithoi used as water tanks has been announced to the public just now but the Varna archaeologists have already excavated them partly, parallel to the rescue excavations conducted in the downtown Varna Largo over the past month.
Not unlike the recent finds in the Varna Largo such as the Late Antiquity fortress wall of Odessos, which have first been discovered by construction workers, the aqueduct and water tanks have also been found during construction but on a privately owned downtown plot.
The local archaeologists plan to continue the excavations of the water facility of ancient Odessos until the end of April, Pletnyov says.
In his words, the pithoi they have found were used as water tanks by the residents of Odessos when their fortress was besieged.
The pipes, i.e the aqueduct which brought water from outside the fortress into the pithoi used as water tanks, are said to be very well preserved.
Varna archaeologists also contains a similarly well preserved section of one of Odessos’s fortress walls consisting of large rusticated building blocks.
Since the new finds are located on private property, a commission from Bulgaria’s Ministry of Culture is expected to issue a decision as to how they will be handled; until then, further construction is not allowed.
According to Plevtnyov, the owners of the plot themselves have expressed a desire to preserve parts of the fortress wall of Odessos, and the very blueprint of the building they are constructing provides opportunities for the incorporation of the ancient structures into the ground flood.
Meanwhile, a commission from Bulgaria’s Ministry of Culture has inspected the recent rescue excavations of the Ancient Thracian, Greek, and Roman city of Odessos in downtown Varna in order to decide how the newly uncovered ancient structures can be exhibited in situ. At least part of the Late Antiquity (4th-5th century AD) fortress wall of ancient Odessos is expected to be exhibited.
Check out the stories about the March 2015 rescue excavations of the Ancient Thracian, Greek, and Roman city of Odessos in Bulgaria’s Varna SO FAR (in reverse chronological order):
The dawn of Varna‘s history dates back to the dawn of human civilization, the Eneolithic Varna Necropolis being especially well known with the discovery of the world’s oldest find of gold artifacts dating back to the 5th millenium BC.
Ancient Odessos is considered the precursor of the Bulgarian Black Sea city of Varna. It was founded by Miletian Greek colonists at the end of 7th century BC, the earliest Greek archaeological material dating back to 600-575 BC. However, the Greek colony was established within an earlier Ancient Thracian settlement, and the name Odessos had existed before the arrival of the Miletian Greeks and might have been of Carian origin. Odessos as the Roman city of Odessus became part of the Roman Empire in 15 AD when it was incorporated in the Roman province Moesia. Roman Odessos is especially known today for its well preserved public baths, or thermae, the largest Roman single structure remains in Bulgaria, and the fourth largest Roman public baths known in Europe.
The First Bulgarian Empire (680-1018 AD) conquered Odessos (Varna) from Rome‘s successor, the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, in the late 7th century. It is even believed that the peace treaty in which the Byzantine Empire recognized the ceding of its northern territories along the Danube to Bulgaria was signed in Odessos. The v(val) that the first ruler of Danube Bulgaria, Khan (or kanas) Asparuh built at the time as a defense against future Byzantine incursions is still standing. Numerous Ancient Bulgar settlements around Varna have been excavated, and the First Bulgarian Empire had its first two capitals Pliska (681-893 AD) and Veliki (Great) Preslav (893-970 AD) just 70-80 km to the west of Varna. It is suggested that the name of Varna itself is of Bulgar origin. In the Middle Ages, as a coastal city, Varna changed hands between Bulgaria and Byzantium several times. It was reconquered for the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185-1396 AD) by Tsar Kaloyan (r. 1197-1207 AD) in 1201 AD.
The Varna Hole is a pit dug up for the construction of a department store in 1984 but abandoned after the collapse of Bulgaria’s communist regime in 1989. It is presently used as a paid parking lot. It is intriguing because it features remains of the Ancient Roman fortress wall of Odessos / Odessus dating back to the 1st century AD as well as preserved walls of the Ancient Greek colony of Odessos dating back to the 5th century BC.